With knowledge of these symptoms, it is possible to initiate the diagnosis of this disease, as this is based on the patient’s clinical condition, physical examination, specific blood tests, and findings through joint radiographs (such as bone growth and narrowing of the joint space). However, it is essential to remember that radiographs are not very useful for early detection of Osteoarthritis because they do not show changes in the cartilage, where the first abnormalities occur, and that blood tests are performed to rule out other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
How Do I Differentiate Rheumatoid Arthritis From Osteoarthritis?
Many people confuse these two diseases; however, unlike Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease; this inflammation is caused by changes in the body’s defense system. A person with rheumatoid arthritis may have joint and extra-articular symptoms. There is a predominance of polyarticular involvement among the joint manifestations, especially in small joints, joint pain that improves movement, and longer-lasting morning stiffness.
Furthermore, about extra-articular manifestations, this disease can affect the spleen and liver, skin, heart, lungs, airways and can even cause anemia. Another striking difference is the symmetrical involvement of the joints, which may present swelling, redness associated with deviation of the affected limb. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects a younger population, from 20 to 50 years of age, and it is also more common in women than in men.
Is There Treatment For The Disease?
Unfortunately, no treatment delays the progression of the disease or promotes a cure. Still, there are behavioral measures and medication that, together, provide relief from symptoms and allow patients with the disease to lead an everyday life without pain or limitations of movement. It is essential to control weight and practice physical exercises under the supervision of a physical educator, as it improves joint stability. Search for robotic surgery osteoarthritis (หุ่น ยนต์ ช่วย ผ่าตัด which is the term Thai)